Wales, UK

Wales is a picturesque mountain country within the UK, bordering with England to the east and boasting more than 750 miles (1200 km) long dramatic coastline, washed by Celtic Sea in the south and Irish Sea in the north and west. The Welsh people are one of the 6th modern Celtic nations with its authentic language, culture and history. The largest cities of the country are located along the coast. Cardiff is the capital and the most populous of them, followed by Swansea and Newport. Snowdon is the highest mountain in Wales, raising 3560 ft (1085 m) above sea level and boasting scenic panoramic views over the island. Its breathtaking rocky peaks were created by powerful volcanic activity more than 440 million years ago. Snowdon is a part of the Snowdonia National Park in the preserved county of Gwynedd, North-West Wales.(Wales has 8 preserved counties, having no administrative and government function, being preserved as a territory unit only for ceremonial purposes) read more »

 
Anglesey:
» Amlwch
» Beaumaris
» Cemaes Bay
» Llangefni
» Abergele
» Betws-Y-Coed
» Colwyn Bay
» Conwy
» Llandudno
» Llanrwst
» Trefriw
Denbighshire:
» Bylchau
» Corwen
» Denbigh
» Llangollen
» Prestatyn
» Rhyl
» Ruthin
» St Asaph
Dyfed:
» Aberporth
» Aberystwyth
» Begelly
» Cardigan
» Carmarthen
» Ferryside
» Fishguard
» Haverfordwest
» Kidwelly
» Lampeter
» Llandeilo
» Llandovery
» Llanelli
» Machynlleth
» Milford Haven
» Newcastle Emlyn
» Pembroke
» Pembroke Dock
» Saundersfoot
» St Davids
» Tenby
Flintshire:
» Caerwys
» Flint
» Holywell
» Mold
Gwent and Glamorgan:
» Aberdare
» Barry
» Bridgend
» Cardiff
» Neath
» Merthyr Tydfil
» Newport
» Penarth
» Pontypridd
» Port Talbot
» Rhoose
» Swansea
» Usk
Gwynedd:
» Bala
» Bangor
» Caernarfon
» Deganwy
» Dolgellau
» Harlech
» Llanberis
» Nefyn
» Y Felinheli
Monmouthshire:
» Abergavenny
» Chepstow
» Monmouth
» Tintern
Powys:
» Abercraf
» Brecon
» Builth Wells
» Caersws
» Craig-Y-Nos
» Crickhowell
» Knighton
» Llandrindod Wells
» LLangammarch Wells
» Llanwrtyd Wells
» Moelfre
» Oswestry
» Powys
» Rhayader
Wrexham:
» Chirk
» Wrexham
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More about Wales

Brecon Beacons National Park is located in Southern Wales. It comprises a picturesque mountainous area with the Brecon Beacons Mountain in its centre. To this mountain belongs the highest peak in the southern part of the country - the 2,907 ft (886 m) high Pen y Fan.

Besides the spectacular mountains, a paradise for hikers, mountain bikers, climbers and kayakers, Wales is a real treasure for the seaside holiday makers. Some of the most dramatic part of its endless coastline is that around the coast of Pembrokeshire - a county in the south-west corner of the country, washed by both Celtic and Irish Sea. It is a protected area included in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. More than 40 beaches in the park have been awarded with the prestigious Blue Flag certificate in the last few years. One of the most charming seaside towns and resort in Pembrokeshire is Tenby on its southern coast. It boasts an idyllic stretch of sandy beaches (more than 2.5 miles long) and a romantic walled medieval centre on the waterfront. Other popular seaside destinations in Wales are Swansea, Llandudno, Aberystwyth, Barry, Prestatyn and Rhyl.

Furthermore, Wales is known for its impressive medieval castles, many of them were built by the English invaders since the late 13th century onwards to ensure their conquest of these lands and incorporate them into the Kingdom of England. Although some of the castles were erected earlier as strongholds of the Welsh princes of the Gwynedd Dynasty. Most famous among the Welsh castles are Caernarfon, Caerphilly, Conwy and Dolwyddelan.

The most visited city in Wales is its capital - Cardiff. It is located on the southern coast of the country, in a large bay (Cardiff Bay) and natural harbour formed by the mouths of the Taff and Ely rivers flowing into the Severn - the broad estuary of the UK's longest river. Many Neolithic and Bronze Age archeological sites witness that this favourable for living coastal area with mild climate and strategic trading routes has been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the 1st century AD the Romans built a large military fort and civil settlement on the mouth of the River Taff (west of the present-day city centre of Cardiff) over the ruins of an earlier Iron Age settlement belonging to the first recorded inhabitants of the region - the Celtic tribe of the Silures. Little is known about the area of the present-day Cardiff in the centuries following the collapse of the Roman government in the province of Britain. In the 11th century a Norman stone castle was built over the ancient Roman ruins by William I the Conqueror and a small town grew around it in the next years, turning into an important medieval port. In the 16th century it was chosen for centre of the newly created Shire of Glamorgan. The true golden age of the city turning it from a town with limited regional importance to one of the most flourishing port cities in Wales and Britain as a whole began in the second quarter of the 19th century when Cardiff was connected to the Taff Vale Railway and became one of the island's major ports of coal trading. In 1955 it was chosen for capital city of Wales.