North East of England

The North East of England has something to offer to all kinds of travelers from the intact natural beauty of the Northumberland with its picturesque high moorlands in the north to the bustling conurbations of Tyneside, Wearside and Teesside in its south and south-east. The region also includes the gentle hills of the Pennines forming its western boundaries and the quiet romantic seaside towns on the coast of North Sea to the east, the perfect destination for a relaxed and restorative beach holiday away from the crowds of the popular resorts on the coasts of Southern England The main cities in the North East are Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland. For those loving history visiting the county town of Durham is a must.

 
County Durham:
» Barnard Castle
» Billingham
» Bishop Auckland
» Darlington
» Durham
» Ferryhill
» Hartlepool
» Newton Aycliffe
» Stockton On Tees
» Walworth
» West Auckland
Northumberland:
» Alnwick
» Bamburgh
» Berwick Upon Tweed
» Consett
» Hexham
» Longhorsley
» Matfen
» Morpeth
» Newcastle upon Tyne
» Otterburn
» Warkworth
» Wooler
Tyne and Wear:
» Gateshead
» High Usworth
» Ponteland
» Ryton
» South Shields
» Sunderland
» Washington
» Whitley Bay

More about the North East of England

The region was northern boundary of the Roman province of Britain marked by the impressive ruins of the Hadrian Wall. The Roman Army Museum with attractive display dedicated to the Roman history of the region is located in the Village of Bardon Mill near the ruins of the wall. In the close surroundings of the village, just off the A69 is located the archeological site of Vindolanda - excavated remains of a major Roman fort and civil settlement that grew around the Hadrian Wall, guarding one of its main gates.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire the region became the core land of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria. In the Middle Ages Northumberland was the main scene of the fierce wars between England and Scotland. A worth-visiting reminder of these times is the Lindisfarne Castle built in the 16th century by King Henry VIII to protect the country from Scottish attacks. It is perched on the top of a dramatic rocky outcrop on the Holy Island, also known as the Isle of Lindisfarne - a tidal island off the coast of the Northumberland, near the historic market town of Berwick upon Tweed.

Newcastle upon Tyne is the largest city of the region and the centre of the Tyneside metropolitan area. It was founded by the Romans on the north bank of the River Tyne near its estuary on the coast the North Sea. Its ancient Latin name was Pons Aelius as it was a military settlement guarding the Hadrian Wall and an important bridge across the River Tyne. The present-day name of the city comes from the Middle Ages when a strong castle was built in the late 11th century by one of the Robert Curthose - Duke of Normandy and the eldest son of William the Conqueror. It main tower (the Castle Keep) and of its fortified gatehouses (the Black Gate) have survived to present day and can be still seen intact in the city centre. In the next centuries the city grew as an important port centre for wool and coal trading. Today Newcastle is a bustling city world wide famous for its Newcastle United Football Club, Newcastle Brown Ale, its two universities and exciting night life.

Sunderland is a bustling modern city, the beating heart of the Wearside conurbation, located on the coast of the North Sea and the estuary of the River Wear, including the towns of Washington and Houghton-le-Spring. The main sights of the city include Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens, the Penshaw Monument and the Roker Pier Lighthouse. It is home of the University of Sunderland and the Sunderland A.F.C. (Association Football Club).

The most attractive historic town in the North East of England is without any doubt Durham. It enjoys a scenic location on the banks of the River Wear, boasting one of the most gracious Norman cathedrals and a well-preserved medieval castle on the top of a dramatic riverside hill, both dating back to the 11th century.

North East of England
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